1900 - Laurits Holst – With Cheerfulness and Joy
Christie’s Auction House refers to him as a Danish painter and his birth place is given elsewhere as Bogense in Denmark. But it was in America that Laurits Bernhard Holst really made a name for himself as a prolific marine painter who “loved the sea and painted with cheerfulness and joy at what he saw.” He was a member of the Chicago Academy and his earlier paintings mostly reflect familiar scenes from the west coast of the United States.
I have no idea whether he ever visited Gibraltar but he did produce several paintings of the Rock. The few that I have been able to obtain digital copies of are dated from 1882 to 1904 - late enough for painters so inclined to use photographs as a basis for their composition. Here are the paintings with my comments
Shipping off Gibraltar ( 1882 )
Felucca from Vilhelm Melbye’s 1852 painting - “Congested shipping lanes off Gibraltar” compared with that painted by Holst in his “Shipping off Gibraltar”
Comparison of the 1892 and 1893 paintings shown above
Felucca off Gibraltar ( 1904)
Rock of Gibraltar from Campamento in Spain ( 1880s - George Washington Wilson ) (See LINK)