The People of Gibraltar
1930s - Image Bank of WW2 - Gibraltar - 1930 to 1935

The Dutch seem to be particularly good at collecting excellent digital photographic material and making their collections easily available on line available. Unusually many of these sites often allow viewers to download good quality copies without too much difficulty.

A case in point is the Netherlands Image Bank of WW2 in which the appropriate photos from the collections of the Dutch War Museum, the Resistance Museum, the NIOD or Dutch Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and several other similar organisations, have gathered into a digitized databank which has been made accessible to the public online.

The ones shown below are those referring to Gibraltar. Captions and dates that appear on the website are in blue - my own comments where appropriate appear below these.

1930s - "The Crouching Lion"

1930s - “Spanish Guardias”

 Two guards standing somewhere to the east of Algeciras look towards the Rock.

1934 - “Guarding the Gate to the Mediterranean - Gibraltar as seen from North Front - an impressive view of the massive Rock which guards the Gate to the Mediterranean”

The view is of the North Front of the Rock as seen from somewhere to the north in La Línea

1930s - “On the hinterland of the Fortress of Gibraltar”

Spanish soldiers on the Neutral Ground to the north of the North Front of the Rock

1930s - “A view from the Great Fortress of Gibraltar”

View north towards La Línea through a gallery embrasure - In the foreground, the cemetery and the Garrison’s sports grounds. The road to Spain cuts through the Victoria Gardens followed by the Neutral Ground.

1930s - “View of Gibraltar Harbour”

The North Mole with its cranes - known locally as “manchina” and coal bunkering area

1930s - “English Warship in Gibraltar”

HMS Hood, pride of the Royal Navy, she would form part of a powerful naval unit known as Force H stationed in Gibraltar.

1930s - “Coal bunkering station"

Impressive machinery - but perhaps even more impressive was the fact that after the opening of the Suez Canal in the middle of the 19th century Gibraltar became an important coaling station - not just for merchant ships but also for the Royal Navy. Fortunes were made by many local merchants and their families who remain among the richest in Gibraltar to this day.

1930s - “The Fortress of Gibraltar"

Views of the eastern cliffs of the Rock showing the water catchments.

1932 - “Giant Italian liner leaves Gibraltar after three days delay on maiden voyage to New York. The Italian liner Rex, leaving Gibraltar on her maiden voyage to New York”

Because of the delay, half her passengers left the ship preferring to take the Europa. When they arrived in New York they found the Rex already into the dock.

1933 - “The Home Fleet at Gibraltar”

1933 - “The Home Fleet at Gibraltar - Submarines beside the H.M.S. Lucia and behind it H.M.S. Nelson

The submarines were L type - I think.

1934 - “War and Peace - Britain's naval might at Gibraltar. The ships of the British Home and Mediterranean fleets peacefully anchored in the Bay of Gibraltar”

1934 - “British fleet manoeuvres. H.M.S. Renown at Gibraltar - In the foreground, H.M.S. Hood's 15-inch guns”

1934 - “First Sea Lord visits Mediterranean and Home Fleets at Gibraltar - A general view of the inspection of the R.N.U.R. at the officer’s hockey grounds in Gibraltar during the official visit of the first Sea Lord, Sir Bolton Eyers Monsell”

1934 - “Naval review at Gibraltar A general view of the parade beneath the Rock of Gibraltar showing Sir Bolton Eyres Monsell (First Lord of Admiralty) with back to camera, and to his right, Vice Admiral C.J.C. Little (Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff) looking toward the camera - The shorter officer is Sir Oswyn Murray (Secretary of the Admiralty) “

1935 - “Britain's thin grey line - a fine panoramic view of the combined fleets at anchor at Gibraltar on their return from recent exercises in the Atlantic”

1935 - “Patrolling the Spanish coast and the Mediterranean”

1935 - “New units of the Royal Navy entering Gibraltar harbour”

The Associated Press release from New York is dated 1934 and states :
“Following the combined fleet exercises in the Mediterranean the largest gathering of British warships  . . . for some years occurred recently when squadrons assembled in Gibraltar . . . this excellent air view shows destroyers steaming into the harbour with the famous Rock ans town of Gibraltar in the background.”